Typical Development

Typical Development
0-3 months Maintains brief eye contact during feeding.Responds to adult interaction Attempts to imitate facial expressions Quiets to a familiar voice Moves in response to a voice Attends to a speakerÕs mouth Uses different kinds of cries Coos Vocalize two different sounds Cooing, typically makes sounds in the back of the throat
3-6 months Similes spontaneously to human contact Smiles at self in a mirror May stop crying when spoken to Reaches for objects Bangs objects in play Turns head toward a voice Searches for the speaker Responds to sounds other than voices. Vocalizes in response to singing Vocalizes feedings through intonation Takes turns vocalizing Babbles Produce raspberries Chuckles, laughs
6-9 months Beginning to relate objects together with little meaning e.g. bangs objects together. Enjoys peek-a-boo Imitates band clapping. Some situational understanding, e.g. child will look in response to “DaddyÕs coming”. Begins responding to name, ÔnoÕ and “bye bye” Vocalizes and shouts for attention.
Babbles in strings and sounds.
Vocalize during play
Imitates duplicated syllables
9-12 months Searches for dropped toy, uncovers hidden toy. Extend arm to show objects Tries to secure an object out of reach Aware of cause and Effect Gives objects upon to others upon verbal request Performs a routine activity upon verbal request Identifies two body parts on self Makes sounds that may be recognizable as words with meaning, e.g. da-da for daddy.
Loud tuneful babbling.
Jaw driven open vowels with m,b (mama, baba), may also produce “dada”
12-18 months Shows anticipation Can use shared attention Simple symbolic play develops, e.g. hug/pat/feed doll Recognize own name Understand “no” Follow simple instructions (when gestures are given)

Points to body parts on self and doll. Can find 2 familiar, named objects

Waves “bye” Some recognizable words with clear intent to communicate (eg. “more”, “up”). Attempt to imitate words

6-20 words. Will echo the prominent/last word in sentences he/she hears.

More early consonants (m,n, b, p, d) with some vowels (a, o, ee).
2 years Can match object to picture. Plays alongside other children.

Can match picture to picture.

Watches others play. Has tantrums if thwarted.

Understands sentences containing two parts:
– give the cup to bear
– give the ball to cat
Understands functions of objects, e.g. which one do we read? Which one do we eat?
50 recognizable words, putting 2 words together, eg. “mommy shoe”, “more apple” Jargon conversations while playing 200 recognizable words. Loves to ask ‘what‘ ‘where‘ Some non-fluency may occur m n b p
t d w h
3 years Begins to share. Plays with other children Make believe play (inventing people and objects in play). Begins to understand concept of past and future events Knows some feelings Understands concepts of size (big/little) Understands basic concepts of position (in, on, under) Understands commands containing three parts:
– put cup in table
– put ball under chair
Use 3 word combinations such as “bear wants bikkie” Past tense developing, e.g. “the boy drew a picture”. Longer sentences developing, e.g. “Me give ball to daddy”. f s k g v, l (emerging), y as in “yeah”
4 years Understands turn-taking as well as sharing. Awareness of time and different contexts Awareness of appropriate behaviors Acts out stories in play with toys and other children. Enjoys telling stories- may try to tell jokes or being funny. Understands commands containing 4 parts
– put red cup on the table
– give daddy the green ball
Able to identify many colors and shapes reliably. Understand “why” questions by responding appropriately.
Use sentences with ease (4-5 words or more) Will ask many questions including “who” and “why” Can combine sentences using “and”, “when”, and “if” Begin to define objects by use s, sh, ch , j (as in jello), r Consonant clusters developing: r clusters (pr/br/tr/dr/kr/gr) l clusters (bl/pl/cl) S clusters: (sp/st/sk/sl/sm/sn/sw)
5 years Shows empathy- recognizing others’ feelings. Able to tell story with a simple plot and sequence. Will ask questions to get more information. Will negotiate Understand more abstract concepts: same/different, opposites (hard/soft) Able to remember key information of short stories. Use increasing complex sentence structures with 6+ more words. Use future, present and past tenses Perfecting of all sounds and consonant clusters Speech should be clear to most people Continued to develop z, th, zh (as in measure)