|PLAY & SOCIAL
(UNDERSTANDING OF LANGUAGE)
(USE OF LANGUAGE)
|0-3 months||Maintains brief eye contact during feeding.Responds to adult interaction Attempts to imitate facial expressions||Quiets to a familiar voice Moves in response to a voice Attends to a speakerÕs mouth||Uses different kinds of cries Coos Vocalize two different sounds||Cooing, typically makes sounds in the back of the throat|
|3-6 months||Similes spontaneously to human contact Smiles at self in a mirror May stop crying when spoken to Reaches for objects Bangs objects in play||Turns head toward a voice Searches for the speaker Responds to sounds other than voices.||Vocalizes in response to singing Vocalizes feedings through intonation Takes turns vocalizing||Babbles Produce raspberries Chuckles, laughs|
|6-9 months||Beginning to relate objects together with little meaning e.g. bangs objects together. Enjoys peek-a-boo Imitates band clapping.||Some situational understanding, e.g. child will look in response to “DaddyÕs coming”. Begins responding to name, ÔnoÕ and “bye bye”||Vocalizes and shouts for attention.
Babbles in strings and sounds.
Vocalize during play
|Imitates duplicated syllables|
|9-12 months||Searches for dropped toy, uncovers hidden toy. Extend arm to show objects Tries to secure an object out of reach Aware of cause and Effect||Gives objects upon to others upon verbal request Performs a routine activity upon verbal request Identifies two body parts on self||Makes sounds that may be recognizable as words with meaning, e.g. da-da for daddy.
Loud tuneful babbling.
|Jaw driven open vowels with m,b (mama, baba), may also produce “dada”|
|12-18 months||Shows anticipation Can use shared attention Simple symbolic play develops, e.g. hug/pat/feed doll||Recognize own name Understand “no” Follow simple instructions (when gestures are given)
Points to body parts on self and doll. Can find 2 familiar, named objects
|Waves “bye” Some recognizable words with clear intent to communicate (eg. “more”, “up”). Attempt to imitate words
6-20 words. Will echo the prominent/last word in sentences he/she hears.
|More early consonants (m,n, b, p, d) with some vowels (a, o, ee).|
|2 years||Can match object to picture. Plays alongside other children.
Can match picture to picture.
Watches others play. Has tantrums if thwarted.
|Understands sentences containing two parts:
– give the cup to bear
– give the ball to cat
Understands functions of objects, e.g. which one do we read? Which one do we eat?
|50 recognizable words, putting 2 words together, eg. “mommy shoe”, “more apple” Jargon conversations while playing 200 recognizable words. Loves to ask ‘what‘ ‘where‘ Some non-fluency may occur||m n b p
t d w h
|3 years||Begins to share. Plays with other children Make believe play (inventing people and objects in play). Begins to understand concept of past and future events Knows some feelings||Understands concepts of size (big/little) Understands basic concepts of position (in, on, under) Understands commands containing three parts:
– put cup in table
– put ball under chair
|Use 3 word combinations such as “bear wants bikkie” Past tense developing, e.g. “the boy drew a picture”. Longer sentences developing, e.g. “Me give ball to daddy”.||f s k g v, l (emerging), y as in “yeah”|
|4 years||Understands turn-taking as well as sharing. Awareness of time and different contexts Awareness of appropriate behaviors Acts out stories in play with toys and other children. Enjoys telling stories- may try to tell jokes or being funny.||Understands commands containing 4 parts
– put red cup on the table
– give daddy the green ball
Able to identify many colors and shapes reliably. Understand “why” questions by responding appropriately.
|Use sentences with ease (4-5 words or more) Will ask many questions including “who” and “why” Can combine sentences using “and”, “when”, and “if” Begin to define objects by use||s, sh, ch , j (as in jello), r Consonant clusters developing: r clusters (pr/br/tr/dr/kr/gr) l clusters (bl/pl/cl) S clusters: (sp/st/sk/sl/sm/sn/sw)|
|5 years||Shows empathy- recognizing others’ feelings. Able to tell story with a simple plot and sequence. Will ask questions to get more information. Will negotiate||Understand more abstract concepts: same/different, opposites (hard/soft) Able to remember key information of short stories.||Use increasing complex sentence structures with 6+ more words. Use future, present and past tenses||Perfecting of all sounds and consonant clusters Speech should be clear to most people Continued to develop z, th, zh (as in measure)|